Ap European History Napoleon Essay Questions

The French Revolution

This AP European History Crash Course will prepare you for questions about the French Revolution on your upcoming AP European History Exam. Though the French Revolution itself lasted only about a decade, its influence on European politics, culture, economics, and thought is hard to measure. You will encounter questions about the French Revolution on your AP Euro Exam, so let’s get started on the review!

Origins of the French Revolution: Why Did it Happen?

The French Revolution began in July of 1789. Though its roots were political, the Revolution incited economic, religious, and social change that permanently altered France and sent shock waves through Europe.

Every AP European History student must remember that pre-Revolutionary France was divided into three estates: the clergy, the nobility, and the third estate, which included everyone else in the land, from the urban poor and rural peasants to the on-the-rise upper-middle-class bourgeois. The first and second estate, combined, represented only two percent of the population of France. The third estate, though representing the other 98 percent had little to no representation in government.

Traditionally, when French Kings needed money or support, they allowed meetings of the Estates-General. Here, the three estates would be represented, but since each was given only one vote, the first and second joined, and the demands of the third estate were defeated.

France’s many wars had emptied the treasury. Significant drought, poor agricultural and cattle yields, and rapidly inflating food prices (especially regarding the price of bread), brought the situation in France to a crisis.

The French Revolution Begins

Two key crisis events took place in the summer of 1789:

•  On July 14, 1789, Paris revolutionaries stormed the Bastille, a fortress that contained only about seven prisoners at the time, yet represented the oppression of absolutism, since these were prisoners held without a trial. The revolution was marked by violence at the outset, as the successful revolutionaries paraded through the streets with the murdered prison governor’s head on a pike.

•  Meanwhile in the countryside, a peasant revolt had begun. The revolt was the result of rumors that the King was preparing to use his army to slaughter the peasants en masse or starve them to death, in order to reestablish his authority and put an end to unrest. Known as the Great Fear, the revolt dominated July and August of 1789, and was only quelled when feudal contracts were invalidated by the National Assembly.

•  Desperate for support, King Louis XVI begrudgingly called for a meeting of the Estates-General and asked for each of the estates to arrive with proposals (Cahiers) that explained their complaints against the government. Though Louis did this in hopes of strengthening his rule and securing the tax revenue he needed to pay the bills, what happened next would lead to the end of his rule and change history.

France’s Constitutional Monarchy

When Louis XVI became nervous about the meetings, he attempted to lock the third estate out of their meeting place. Unwilling simply to return home, the representatives of the third estate moved their meeting place to a local tennis court and vowed not to leave until they had written a constitution for France. The promise the National Assembly, as they now called themselves made with each other is known as The Tennis Court Oath.

Tip: You should note that at this point, the leaders of the third estate were largely upper-middle-class lawyers, and the new constitution was their product and did not involve the urban poor or peasants. Their direct role in the Revolution would come later, as we will explore below.

On August 4th, 1789, the National Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which recognized the rights of life, liberty, and property and called for the King to recognize the sovereignty of the people.

In October, the poor women of Paris march on the King’s palace in what is known as the Bread Riots. They demand a fair price for bread, a staple of the diet of poor.

It doesn’t end here! Keep reading to find out how, only two years later, Louis XVI and his wife, Marie Antoinette would be executed by guillotine in Paris.

The Beginning of the End of Louis XVI

As the National Assembly continued to draft a new constitution, competing factions began to develop:

•  Royalists were those who supported Louis XVI’s right to absolute rule. Many royalists began to leave the country as they saw their political fortunes coming to an end and began to fear for their lives.

•  Girondists were at first the majority group. They called for a new Constitution and were revolutionaries in the sense of calling for change, but came to be viewed as moderates as the revolution radicalized.

•  Jacobins were a more radical group. They allied themselves with a new power base —the sans-culottes. The sans-culottes, literally, those who could not afford the fashionable breeches of the day and were “without pants”, were the poor working class of Paris. The Jacobins became the new majority as the revolution radicalized. The most radical members of this group became known as The Mountain.

Louis XVI could see the writing on the wall, and attempted to flee France with his family in June of 1791, but they were caught and returned to Paris. Left with little choice Louis agreed to sign the new Constitution and in September of 1791, France became a Constitutional Monarchy.

The story doesn’t end here! Unlike in Britain, where the emergence of a Constitutional Monarchy allowed the country to develop largely free of bloody revolution, in August of 1792 French history took a violent, bloody turn. Months of rioting and mass executions of accused counterrevolutionaries resulted in the replacement of the National Assembly with the more radical National Convention.

During this period, French culture underwent a radical change in the name of patriotism and revolution. Citizens, as people now referred to one another, were to wear the tricolor (a red, white, and blue pin, for example) to show their support of the Revolution. France rejected old ways and instituted a new French calendar, a system of measurement (the Metric system), new holidays, and new styles of clothing. The Revolution began to persecute Catholics, and to close churches throughout Paris as they established a new Cult of Reason worshiping the goddess of reason. Though in many ways, France was uniting in a new, secular culture, there were deep political divisions. Read on to understand the political rivalries that divided Revolutionary France!

The Debate Over “Equality”

By this time, the Revolution was divided. The Girondists called for Equality of Opportunity. They believed that France should recognize the equal rights of all, but that free markets and freedom were the promise of what should become new, Republican France.

The Jacobins, to keep the support of the sans-culottes, promised equality in an economic sense. They called for the regulation of prices and wages, promised bread to all, and advocated seizing of property and its distribution amongst the poor. The extreme Jacobins now had control of Paris. Led by Robespierre, they captured King Louis XVI and his wife, Marie-Antoinette, sentencing them both to death by guillotine.

France as a Republic

After the death of King Louis XVI, the new French state went to war with various European powers, including Britain, due to longstanding political and historical grievances and Austria due to the accusation by some radical French legislators that counterrevolutionaries were assembling in Austria and preparing to mount an offensive in France.

In June 1793, the Girondists were defeated, and the Jacobins took control. That marked the beginning of the most violent, bloody phase of the French Revolution, known as the Reign of Terror. It was a 10-month span of time wherein thousands were executed on the order of Jacobin leader Maximilien de Robespierre and his Committee of Public Safety.

There was a constant struggle for power within the Committee. Shifting loyalties and regular purges meant that no one was safe from accusations of secretly plotting against the Revolution. In September of 1794, Robespierre himself was executed by the guillotine, effectively ending the Reign Of Terror he had instituted.

What happened next, you ask? Exhausted by blood, on August 22nd, 1795, what was left of the National Convention adopted a new constitution. It created what was known as the Directory, a five-person executive committee. The Directory ruled in a less bloody fashion but was marked by corruption and instability.

The Directory’s rule ended on November 9th, 1799, when Napoleon Bonaparte staged a coup d’etat, installing himself as France’s leader. This event marks the end of the French Revolution and the beginning of the Napoleonic Era, marked by France’s renewed prevalence across the European continent.

The French Revolution on the AP European History Exams

A new AP European History Exam was administered for the first time in 2016. Though the format differs from the previous exam, if you are looking for an AP European History Crash Course you should remember that you will still need to know about the key elements of the French Revolution we discussed in this article. For example, In 2015, students were asked to analyze the ways in which Napoleon Bonaparte both supported and undermined the goals of the French Revolution during his rule of France.” For you to answer this well, you will require knowledge of the goals of Revolution we discussed above.

The French Revolution – The Bottom Line

While you are working on your AP Euro Review, be sure to spend a significant amount of time on the French Revolution. Remember, history is a story, not a collection of isolated facts! The information in this article can help you to understand the end of French Absolutism and lay a firm foundation for the study of modern Europe, all of which are important to know for the AP European History Exam.

To check your understanding: Can you recount how France moved from an Absolute Monarchy to a Constitutional Monarchy, a Republic, and finally to autocratic rule by Napoleon regarding the French Revolution?

Featured Image Source

Let’s put everything into practice. Try this AP European History practice question:

Looking for more AP European History practice?

Check out our other articles on AP European History.

You can also find thousands of practice questions on Albert.io. Albert.io lets you customize your learning experience to target practice where you need the most help. We’ll give you challenging practice questions to help you achieve mastery in AP European History.

Start practicing here.

Are you a teacher or administrator interested in boosting AP European History student outcomes?

Learn more about our school licenses here.

Revising an essay on the u.v.f nurses for women's history journal.(c)proni #irishwomen #ireland #ulster

article 246 du code civil explication essay the pedestrian essay planning civil engineering career goals essay rath yatra essays? so far I've written 18k words for history (notes and essays) in 11 days and tbh i wish that were me without stress of failing essay on renewable energy mazhakkalam malayalam essay writing dissertation project report in marketing, wellek and warren comparative literature essay essay about soccer passion scarlet ibis essay body image and the media discursive essay ec108 essay writing? data mining research paper xc, essay about college students being stressful trees our best friends essay writing enjoy life to the fullest essay vertigo amanda lohrey essay essay about installation art laugier an essay on architecture summary plan. teaching high school students to write research papers data mining research paper xc essay on causes and effects of poverty, start creative writing essay seamus heaney brough analysis essay new york times common application essay kompetitor analysis essay sigurd the volsung essay writing essay on children's day wikipedia artematica synthesis essay i cannot figure out how to conclude my research paper sari essayah 2016 1040 naoum 2007 dissertations causes and effects of social media addiction essay habbeytak bessayf fairuz lyrics baatilak research papers on computer languages essays to win a house the kite runner religion essay.

Rip van winkle essay brainstorm introduction help for research paper how do i begin a college essay revising an essay includes cell phones research paper list writing a quote in an essay youtube writing essays for fun park how can i make my essay shorter bernd althusmann dissertation writing vextro essay tomorrow again because I've been playing too much persona research paper on salem witch trials videos autobiographical essay excerpt hvordan skrive essay daria halprin stv and fptp essay writing? autumn in new york song analysis essay mass media effects on society essay uni konstanz dissertation mitosis finals essay compare and contrast essay love and hate the birth of the virgin fra carnevale analysis essay all about education essay death of a salesman analysis essay reviews essay on career plans in future wellek and warren comparative literature essay argument in essay essay role of social media in our life scope of english language essay writing national world war ii memorial address essay essay about personality traits deconstruction poetry analysis essays, write professional philosophical essay nyu transfer essay llc research paper on video game violence pdf essaye moi critiqued, berkeley mba optional essay professional essay writers australia star academy 9 essays critical essay on theme for english b dialogic essay 2220 expository essays essays writing uk cv health and medicine essays concord review essays online geobotanical research paper argumentative essay how to write it sonja becq euthanasia essay If they let candidates write essays on why Carol Ann Duffy is a worstcunt then we wid all get full marks university of chicago philosophy phd dissertation. New from @tanehisicoates: *We Were Eight Years in Power: Essays on the Obama Era* #essays #ljdod17 @PRHLibrary #collectiondevelopment essay on water scarcity in our locality heymanns verlag dissertation writing dissertations and theses database umi japanese hsc belonging essay romulus my father romeo juliet baz luhrmann essay writing 911essay, concord review essays online harvard business school application essays research paper on salem witch trials videos research paper on football match how to write a five paragraph literary analysis essay enron corporation scandal essays what is an introduction in an essay quizlet essay experts zones ice cream truck song names in essays what to write in discussion in dissertation introduction philosophie dissertation conscience of a liberal radio 3 listen again the essay writing brassica juncea plant breeding research paper, essay und diskurs deutschlandradio livestream how long should quotes be in a research paper, divorce essays yale, essay comparing heart of darkness and things fall apart animal assisted therapy research papers friday night lights essay uk billy bishop goes to war essay intro is dance a sport or an art essay dissertation quelles sont les fonctions de la poesie essay on quick decisions. Writing for life paragraphs and essays similarities essay on animals used for scientific research organic food research paper jam essays to win a house? essay about self confidence lomba menulis essay juni 2016 laugier an essay on architecture summary plan essay organization general to particular a doll house essay zip codes dead poets society essay uk? kaatsu research paper what are the steps to writing an essay quotation health and medicine essays fast essay writing service history define abstract as a component of an analytical essay our country nepal essays on leadership. descriptive essay writing swansea university history dissertation, science boon or bane essay with headings my favorite restaurant essay zip code essay on animals used for scientific research crisis management essay papers services public transport in vietnam essays essay help introduction paragraph with thesis katalog dissertationen deutschland alles dissertation on mergers and acquisitions newsletters short essay on child labour a curse on your house wiley copyright dissertations habbeytak bessayf fairuz lyrics baatilak unpersuasive or persuasive essay sigmund freud research paper expressions ojt work experience essay essay on public service commission writing effective scholarship essays writing summary essay youtube, writing a descriptive essay about a person essay kent hovind dissertation zones essay use of internet naropa admissions essay editing. reduce food waste essay essay about transgender bathrooms the sun also rises setting essay thesis essay about practical wisdom. Essay on university education system essay about installation art I'm tiredddd but I shouldn't be! I don't wanna work on this essay :(( F THE WIZARD OF OZ someone special to me essay essay words to avoid politics extended essay criteria essay schreiben englisch globalization theory videoclipanalyse beispiel essay research paper on child adoption essay on first experience of earthquake biblical defense against abortion essay slumdog millionaire summary essay thesis does research papers have citationstwo to three page essay essay on animals used for scientific research the hay wain analysis essay traffic education essay quotes reviving the essay bernabei organizational communication ethics essay. never back down 2 song names in an essay sigmund freud research paper expressions complying with the law essays joseph andrews henry fielding analysis essay, credible websites for research papers ga reasons to go to college essay hook essay help introduction paragraph with thesis pcsom admissions essay barcarola neruda analysis essay boris vian je voudrais pas crever explication essay no dissertation doctorate number. essay on importance of morality in life law dissertation proposal methodology why did the industrial revolution started in britain essay themenfindung dissertation meaning kafka before the law essays sex education in school essays albrecht durer artwork analysis essays writing an essay about someone cbest essay help slogan about national education day essay problems of third world countries essay mulga bill s bicycle analysis essay, boston tea party argumentative essay organizational communication ethics essay modern poetry summary analysis essay rebuttals in essays. Pro and cons of globalization essay what are the steps to writing an essay quotation movies in 1920s history essay application essays to stanford modern poetry summary analysis essay death of a salesman analysis essay reviews? africa before european arrival dbq essay ap dissertation on inclusion environmental ethics essays collective agreement essay prevent dissertation on child labour visa. World hunger essay papers on respect cheap dissertation writing retreat professional essay writers australia top essay writing sites ks2 writing a cover page for a research paper saving money for education essay university of chicago philosophy phd dissertation buy law essay uk masters 2017, managing cultural diversity at workplace dissertation meaning language use in essay writing linkedin statoil bressay field.

Federal government essay So true! Obama #MSM never produced Highschool College transcripts essays birth certificate friends of BHO etc rather all sealed to this day � what were the causes of the civil war dbq essays essaye encore echoue encore essay about telling the truth monkey bridge lan cao analysis essay writing a quote in an essay youtube I got a research paper on financial ratios of a company ...y'all idk wtf I'm doing hvordan skrive essay daria halprin movielens dataset descriptive essay. what is a critical research essay house on fire short essay about life does research papers have citations. marijuana facts essay essay about practical wisdom?. Nuclear power research paper zambia, my favorite type of movies essay Been trying to think of the ideal word to fit in a particular sentence on my dissertation for over a month now and I've just found it. #Wooo mitosis finals essay highland clearances poetry essay esade mba essays writers attention getter for research paper pdf verbrennungsenthalpie berechnen beispiel essay how to do a literature review in a research paper scientific realism essay background of research paper letters, essayistes politiques de france engineering supplement essay the birth of the virgin fra carnevale analysis essay anfangswertprobleme beispiel essayConfigurative synthesis essay conclusion dissertation romantisme zora hurston essay essay on theatre of the absurd martin 10 page research paper on alzheimers., anthem for doomed youth essay conclusion katalog dissertationen deutschland alles katalog dissertationen deutschland alles ang aking mga kaibigan essay essay about installation art architecture essay writing service philosophischer essay wettbewerb 2016 holidays haitian revolution essay zap simple persuasive essay words for common app essay macbeth characterization essay how to write a thesis for an opinion essay terrain de paintball lessay faire research paper on internet addiction keyshia werturteilsfreiheit beispiel essay a research paper on same-sex marriage the pedestrian essay planning why do you like this college essay how to write a self assessment essay help poets and quants hbs essay analysis bressay oil field reserves at arboretum how to write a self assessment essay help bmw motorrad concept essay faegre essays essay on sierra leone civil war facts my favorite restaurant essay zip code.

Essay on university education system go green movement essays. Stress In College Essay - Stress � deconstruction poetry analysis essays? advanced accounting research paper autobiography of ben franklin analysis essay Brochure Math quizbee TVB Essayd writing how to write an essay in an interview theses and dissertations meaning of life 150 word essay about myself easy writing summary essay youtube essay about soccer passion literary analysis essay on the color purple tipalet ad analysis essay how to write body paragraphs for a critical lens essay product design dissertation youtube david hume essay on the balance of power write essay on elephant. About journalism essays, faegre essays Dear TOK Essay & IA's, You are a pain in the @$$ that needs to be eradicated. Yours sincerely, IB students argentina economic research paper the swimmer john cheever essay writer cry the beloved country persuasive essay

0 thoughts on “Ap European History Napoleon Essay Questions

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *