Importance of forest – Essay, Article, Speech, Paragraph
Introduction (Essay on Importance of Forest)
Forest is a large area of land covered by trees and woody vegetation. It plays a major role in maintaining the biodiversity and the ecosystem of planet earth. They are home to many wild species of animals, reptiles, and insects. The climate, soil, and topography of the region determine the type of trees that grow in a forest. It helps to maintain the ecological balance and provide water, food and shelter to all kinds of living being.
Ecological importance of forest
Forests cover 31 percent of world’s land and they collect and store water. The trees standing tall in the forest hold the soil strongly to maintain the health of the soil. The trees help to balance the carbon dioxide emission by sucking them in and releasing oxygen for the organisms.
They are a great source of food for all kinds of animals which includes herbivores, carnivores and omnivores. The herbivores feed on the plants and the vegetarian species serves as the prey for the carnivores. When the animals die they decompose into the soil that helps the plants to sustain and live as food for others.
Apart from the wild inhabitants, forests serve a great service to the social animals too i.e. humans. Humans highly depend on forests for their survival as it provides the fuel, food and shelter. Humans cut down trees from forests for their use to build houses, furniture and burn down the wood for cooking.
Economic importance of forests
Forests contribute to more than 10% of the GDP in many countries. In many developing countries, forests provide around 10 million and around 30 to 40 million formal and informal employment respectively.
Forests contain many ancient herbs that can be used for medicinal purposes. And the government of many countries export those herbs to perform trade and earn a profit. Many scientists can be accounted for researching the merits and demerits of certain herbs, identifying their benefits and positive use.
Forests can also be a great helping hand in diminishing the unemployment rate. To fulfil the comfort needs, humans run after abundant resources and forests fulfil the exigency. Cutting down the trees and loading them requires people, which means, new job opportunities.
Climatic importance of Forest
Forests control the climate and purify the atmosphere for the survival of all living beings. The trees in the forest, hold the soil strongly and maintain the health of the soil. The dense vegetation balances the temperature and climatic conditions by reducing the carbon dioxide emissions by the humans. It also controls noise pollution by absorbing the noise produced by humans.
The forests increase rainfall by condensing low clouds and increase precipitation to some extent. They guard the soil by holding it based on the root structure of the trees reducing soil erosion. They protect the watersheds and improve the water quality by sowing and filtering rainwater.
How deforestation effect us?
The need of humans for their survival has given birth to deforestation, which in return has imbalanced the ecosystem. Currently, humans are cutting down 35-40 trees per minute and the continuous practice will deprive us of basic our necessities.
This madness leads to many man-made disasters like drought, flood, landslide etc. Many wild inhabitants migrate to urban areas for shelter which is a result of massive deforestation. With no trees to absorb heat, glaciers are melting and adding to the water level in rivers and sea. In some cases, rivers are drying up due to escalating global warming.
The rise in temperature, drying rivers, melting glaciers and imbalanced ecosystem is resulting in the extinction of many species and many are on the endangered list.
Conclusion (Speech on Forest)
Humans are greedy and they are known for their zeal of destruction. Yes, it is true that we need natural resources for our survival but we also need to learn to protect them and shouldn’t waste them. If you cut one tree then you should plant six saplings to maintain the ecological balance.
“Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s needs, but no every man’s greed” – M.K. Gandhi
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Importance of forest – Essay, Article, Speech, Paragraph4.3 (86.67%) 18 votes
Forests form an important part of the wealth of a country; and in India, the preservation of the forests is so important that it has long been taken over by the Government, and is in charge of the Government Forests Department.
Forests have a great influence upon climate; for they attract rain and preserve moisture an important matter in a dry country like India. The leaves of a tree are always giving off moisture; and this constant evaporation cools the surrounding atmosphere.
In consequence, when moisture-laden winds blow over a forest, the moisture they carry is condensed and forms clouds, and these dissolve in rain. This is not mere theory. It has been proved that the destruction of forests of any extent quickly changes the climate of the whole district.
Whereas before it had an abundant rainfall, after disafforestation the rainfall became scanty, the land went out of cultivation and became an arid desert. On the other hand, afforestation, or the planting of forests, will turn a desert into well-watered and fertile district.
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Further, forests on hill sides do much to prevent destructive floods. When heavy rain falls on bare hills, it rushes down at once to the plains in roaring torrents, carrying parts of the hill with it, and flooding the country below.
But when the hills are covered with forests, the trees and the spongy soil they create absorb a large part of water, and allow the rest to flow down to the plains quietly and without any destructive effects.
Forest products, especially timber, form an important part of a nation’s wealth. The Indian forests supply all the timber that is required in the country, and much is exported, the sale of it bringing in a very respectable revenue to the State
Forests also provide abundant fuel to the districts near by, and so enable the cultivators to keep the gobar for enriching their finds, instead of being obliged to burn this valuable manure as fuel.
The planting and preservation of forests is therefore a matter of great importance.